Lack of running water to cook, drink, clean, and flush toilets for a while can make you appreciate the role of plumbing systems in homes. Most people are not conversant with the components of these systems as long as they get water for their daily use. The structures range from small to large, each with crucial roles in supplying water and draining wastewater.
Learning the standard and modern home plumbing systems is essential in understanding their components and roles in water distribution to your bathroom and kitchen faucets and removing wastewater from the sewer lines.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention points out three plumbing systems, including safe water supply systems, fixtures and equipment, and adequate drainage systems that a plumber can accurately install in homes. Each plumbing structure in the complex network has pros and cons that you will learn as you read this masterpiece.
Plumbing Systems and Their Advantages and Drawbacks
Water Supply System
Water distribution infrastructure includes all water utility fixtures that supply water from the source, such as the hand-dug wells, streams, rainwater, and municipal to the endpoint in your Dalworthington, TX, house for use.
They require correct installation by a technician to ensure people get sufficient and quality water that meets their household requirements, such as drinking, cooking, laundry, and cleaning.
The domestic water supply structure includes in-house connections, rainwater harvesters, yard taps, private point sources, and door-to-door vending. The water service system also has several units, including water heaters, backflow preventers, hangers and support, thermal insulation, and pressure boosters to distribute hot water. In-house connections are the predominant water distribution network in most parts of the country.
They contain pipes that ensure the flow of clean water safely to plumbing appliances and fixtures for people to have 24/7 access to clean water.
Types of Domestic Water Supply Systems
Dead-end or Tree Distribution
When you choose the dead-end water supply system for your house, a plumber connects one primary pipeline through the center of your Dalworthington, TX, residential building with sub-branching pipes that enter the bathroom and kitchen. The tree water supply system is also an option for tenants with numerous apartments or flats to ensure their tenants have a constant supply of water.
Pros of the Dead-end water distribution network
- It is easy to install due to its simple design and pipe laying
- Requires low maintenance
- Utilizes fewer cut-off valves
Disadvantages of the tree water supply system
- Hard to maintain steady water pressure in a high building with multiple floors.
- One primary pipe is responsible for supplying water in the entire building, which might be risky in case of problems affecting every household.
- Requires pumping systems and larger pipe
- Without a pump, it distributes water at a lower pressure.
Gridiron Water Supply System
Like the tree distribution network, a plumber installs the main water supply pipes at the center of the building, and the sub mains off perpendicularly to interconnect with sub-branches. The piping style has no dead-ends because the water lines interconnect.
Advantages of the Gridiron Water Supply System
- It allows water to flow freely without stagnation or mineral deposits
- Water is available at every point due to few interconnections
- Water flows with high pressure
- Problems in the water line affect only a few houses
Disadvantages of Gridiron Water Supply System
- Requires more cut-off valves
- Requires longer pipes with wider diameters
- Difficult to analyze water discharge levels, pressure, and velocity in pipes
- Expensive for a plumber to connect because of the required materials
Radial Water Supply System
Homeowners prefer this water distribution system because it has multiple distribution areas. The hired professional in Dalworthington, TX, centrally locates the distribution pipes towards the distribution areas for efficient water supply. The piping design of the network seems complicated due to the numerous service areas and pipelines.
Pros of the Radial System
- Is the better option for high-rise buildings to distribute water
- Water flows with higher pressure
- A few households can be affected in case of issues in the piping system
- Easy to install
Cons of Radial Distribution Structure
- The pipe layout has a complex design
- It requires more pipes for the system to operate optimally, which is costly
Ring Water Supply Structure
You can go for the circular (ring) water distribution system that forms a ring-like design after successful installation by a skilled and qualified plumber. It has two primary water supply pipes that connect to branch pipes crosswise. Plumbing service experts in Dalworthington, TX, use this system to provide water to several buildings in the same place.
Pros of the Ring Distribution System
- Has few interconnections
- Comprises of higher water discharge levels than the dead-end and gridiron systems
- Repairs can only affect a few households sharing the main line, while the ones using the other water lines are not affected.
Cons of the Circular Supply System
- Requires long pipes making the installation process expensive
- Requires numerous valves to control the discharge, pressure, and flow of water
It is part of the water distribution system that connects to all the plumbing appliances and fixtures in a house for efficient water supply. The plumbing system is incomplete without pipes that come in diverse materials and sizes. When buying the pipelines, you should get clarification from a plumber with extensive knowledge and experience on the local and state plumbing codes if you can use the pipe materials in your house or not.
The pipelines that supply cold or hot water in the bathroom, kitchen, and laundry area include:
- Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) for sprinklers, swimming pool piping, and low water pressure drain systems
- Copper pipes connecting to valves are sensitive to pH values less than 6.5.
- Galvanized steel pipes corrode when an unskilled plumber in Dalworthington, TX, connects them to contaminated water.
- PEX pipelines are remarkably durable despite the water pressures, temperatures, or chemicals.
- Poly pipe perfect for cold water supply.
- Kitec plumbing pipes are aluminum tubes laminated with layers of plastic, making them resistant to corrosion, acids, salts, fats, and alkaline solutions.
- Chlorinated PVC is the best option in places with corrosive water.
Pros of Plumbing Pipes
Though each type of pipe has its advantages, the most common pros that apply to most pipe materials are not limited to:
- Most pipes are durability
- Safe to use
- Easy maintenance
Cons of Piping Systems
The most common disadvantage the pipes have include:
- Easy to clog
- Corrosive, that is, galvanized steel and copper when exposed to hot water
- Prone to freezing during winter if not properly insulated during the weatherization process
- Susceptible to leaks that account for almost 1 trillion water wastage annually nationwide
Water Flow Control System
Another crucial plumbing system is the water flow control that allows you, your loved ones, and a hired plumber to control water flow safely and efficiently. These controls are valves that come in diverse types and sizes. Before purchasing the control valves, you should get your plumbing pipes to determine the correct dimensions. Some of the plumbing valves used in residential plumbing systems include:
- Shutoff valves such as globe, gate, and ball valves allow plumbing experts to work on parts of the plumbing systems, especially during repairs or maintenance.
- Flow-control valves limit the flow of water to plumbing fixtures and faucets.
- Pressure-reducing valves for lowering water pressure to safeguard other plumbing appliances
- Altitude valves are for hot water supply systems that prevent overflowing with correct installation by a professional plumber.
- Other plumbing valves crucial in the system are foot, relief, and check valves.
Advantages of Water Flow Control system
Plumbing control valves are vital in water supply systems because:
- They stop the flow of water in case of a plumbing emergency to prevent water wastage
- They can also stop water flowing to specific plumbing fixtures to stop leaks
- Can control water pressure and volume
- Are versatile with different functions
- Are applicable in residential and commercial plumbing systems
- They are of diverse materials, including PVC, bronze or brass
Cons of Water Supply Valves
- Some are not easy to open or close without periodic maintenance by an experienced plumber
- A plumber can install them in places that are not easy to locate, especially the outdoor valves
- Prone to leak with extremely high pressure from municipal water
Sanitary Waste and Vent System
Households have a drain-waste-vent infrastructure with waste pipes and fittings connected to plumbing fixtures, drains, kitchen sinks, and appliances to remove wastewater from the septic tanks.
A plumber installs the sanitary drainage system on walls and floors to be out of sight. They use pipes with larger diameters than those supplying clean water to your Dalworthington, TX, house to minimize clogs. The following are some of the sanitary systems in homes.
The drainage structure in a house should be well-designed to remove excess and used water from your sinks, showers, and tubs. It is essential that drains work efficiently to prevent clogs capable of causing other plumbing issues that might be costly to repair by a qualified and licensed plumber.
Galvanized steel, PVCs, cast iron, copper, and ABS plastic pipes are some drain materials predominantly used in homes.
Advantages of the Drainage System
- Averts standing water in sinks and bathroom drains
- Reduces the possibility of floods if operating efficiently
- Safely eliminates waste water and human waste
- Keeps your home safe from nasty sewer odors
Drawbacks of the Drain Pipes
- If it clogs, it can halt everything in your home, including causing backups and indoor floods
- Requires frequent maintenance and cleaning
- Hard to install and maintain
Septic Tank or Sewer Systems
The best way to handle wastewater or human waste is by having a plumber in Dalworthington, TX, install a septic tank if your house is far from municipal sewer lines.
The plumbing professionals install the septic tank system you choose underground considering aspects such as available space in the yard, soil type, and proximity to groundwater. They can help you choose between conventional, chamber, drip, aerobic, mound, and evapotranspiration septic systems, whichever is suitable and within your budget.
Pros of Septic Tanks
- They are cheaper to construct and install by a plumber compared to sewer lines
- Do not require constant maintenance
- They are durable and can serve you for years, depending on the household size
- The system is environmentally friendly
Cons of Septic Systems
- They are easy to clog when different nonbiodegradables are flushed down the toilet or forced down the drains
- They need pumping periodically, at least after every two years
- The systems produce nasty sewer odors when they are damaged
Vents are installed by a plumber in the drain line on the roof to eliminate awful smells from human waste and allow fresh air to circulate in the drain pipes. The structure regulates air pressure to help wastewater from drains and toilets to flow freely to the septic or sewer networks.
Advantages of the Venting System
- Protects trap seals by balancing between positive and negative air pressure
- It regulates air pressure in the plumbing system
- Facilitates smooth draining of wastewater to the sewer or septic structures
- Removes sewer gasses from the drainage system
- Drains operate quietly
- Easy to maintain it
Disadvantages of Venting Structure
- Clogs easily without proper maintenance, especially during the rainy season
- It is a complex system that is difficult to install, but a skilled and experienced plumber can connect the system like a piece of cake.
Schedule an Appointment Today with Benjamin Franklin Plumbing of Fort Worth
The entire plumbing structure operates as one to efficiently supply water in your plumbing fixtures and eliminate used or wastewater. If one system has an issue, it affects the whole plumbing system.
Not to worry, though; at Benjamin Franklin Plumbing of Fort Worth, you can receive quality residential and commercial plumbing services. Our experienced and professional plumbers are ready to resolve any plumbing issues you face. If you are looking for the best plumber in the field, your search should end by calling us today.